A Database of Cheap Literature, 1837-1860

Sources and Reference Works

POP was compiled from the titles of penny books and periodical serials indexed in the following bibliographies. It links to the following digital collections of books, periodicals, plays, and playbills for full text access when available.

POP also references the following manuscript collections and links to the following digital reference works for further information on the plays, authors, publishers, and periodicals related to penny bloods.

All websites require subscription, unless otherwise noted.


Abbreviation Source
Bleiler Bleiler, Everett Franklin. "Bibliography" in Wagner, the Wehr-Wolf. New York: Dover Publications, 1975.
Block Block, Andrew. The English novel, 1740-1850. London: Dawsons, 1961.
James James, Louis. Fiction for the working man, 1830-1850; a study of the literature produced for the working classes in early Victorian urban England. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.
James & Smith James, Elizabeth and Helen R. Smith. Penny dreadfuls and boys' adventures : the Barry Ono Collection of Victorian popular literature in the British Library. London: British Library, 1998.
King King, Andrew. Index of Serials in The London Journal: First series, 1845-1883, volumes I-LXXVIII. 2008.
Medcraft Medcraft, John. Bibliography of the penny bloods of Edward Lloyd. Dundee: privately printed (by J.A. Birkbeck.), 1945.
Sadleir Sadleir, Michael. XIX Century Fiction: A Bibliographical Record Based on His Own Collection. London: Constable & Co., 1951.
Summers Summers, Montague. A Gothic bibliography. London: Fortune Press, 1941.
Wiener Wiener, Joel H. A Descriptive Finding List of Unstamped British Periodicals, 1830-1836. London: Bibliographical Society, 1970.

Digital Collections

Pictogram Website
19th Century British Library Newspapers "19th Century British Library Newspapers", Gale
19th Century UK Periodicals "19th Century UK Periodicals", Gale
Chadwyck "British Periodicals", Chadwyck-Healey
East London Theatre Archive (open access)
(GB) Google Books (open access)
(HT) HathiTrust (limited access)
(IA) The Internet Archive (open access)
Victorian Plays Project (open access)

Manuscript Collections

Abbreviation Source
LC Lord Chamberlain's Plays. (British Library, Additional Manuscripts 42865-43038)
RLF Archive of the Royal Literary Fund. (British Library, Western Manuscripts, Loan 96 RLF)


Pictogram Website
BBTI British Book Trade Index (open access)
British Fiction 1800-1829 British Fiction, 1800–1829: A Database of Production, Circulation, and Reception (open access)
DNCJ Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism in the Nineteenth Century Index
LitEncyc The Literary Encyclopedia
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Waterloo Waterloo Directory of Victorian Periodicals
Wellesley Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824-1900 in the Nineteenth Century Index